Sardinia is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and before Cyprus), with an area of 24,100 km 2 (9,305 sq mi). Contents. Sardinia, Italian Sardegna, island and regione (region) of Italy, second in size only to Sicily among the islands of the western Mediterranean. It takes until 1326 for the declining Pisa to officially cede Sardinia in its entirety. The territory also included the city and surrounding land of Genoa. The kingdom was originally made up of the islands of Corsica and Sardinia. The Kingdom of Sardinia was a monarchy that ruled the Italian island of Sardinia. It was established in 1324. The Kingdom of Sicily (Latin: Regnum Siciliae, Italian: Regno di Sicilia, Sicilian: Regnu di Sicilia, Catalan: Regne de Sicília, Spanish: Reino de Sicilia) was a state that existed in the south of the Italian peninsula and for a time the region of Ifriqiya from its founding by Roger II of Sicily in 1130 until 1816. Before 1720, there was the Duchy of Savoy = Savoy (today France), Piedmont, Aosta Valley, Nice (today France). It is situated between 38° 51' and 41° 18' latitude north (respectively Isola del Toro and Isola La Presa) and 8° 8' and 9° 50' east longitude (respectively Capo dell'Argentiera and Capo Comino). The territory is claimed as the 'Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica', with Hugh and James ruling jointly, although Hugh still commands an enlargened Arborea under his own authority (about a third of the island) while a viceroy governs the captured territories for Aragon. The capital of this kingdom was Palermo — which is on the island of Sicily. It lies 120 miles (200 km) west of the mainland of Italy, 7.5 miles (12 km) south of the neighbouring French island of Corsica, and 120 miles (200 km) north of the coast of Africa. In 1860, when the Two Sicilies were conquered by the Kingdom of Sardinia, the departments became provinces of Italy, according to the Rattazzi law. The Kingdom of Sardinia [nb 1], also referred to as Kingdom ofSavoy-Sardinia, Piedmont-Sardinia, or Savoy-Piedmont-Sardinia during the Savoyard period,  was a state in Southern Europe from the early 14th until the mid-19th century.. The Kingdom of Sardinia, also referred to as Kingdom of Savoy-Sardinia, Piedmont-Sardinia, or Savoy-Piedmont-Sardinia during the Savoyard period, was a state in Southern Europe from the early 14th until the mid-19th century.. Under the Savoy family, the capital of the state was Turin. Early history; Foundation of the Kingdom of Sardinia; Aragonese conquest of Sardinia; Early history of Savoy; Exchange of Sardinia for Sicily In Italian it was known as the Regno di Sardegna.
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