Because it is so dense, gluing generally calls for epoxy or polyurethane adhesives. The colors eventually mellow to a rich reddish orange, accented by waves of crimson and black, making cocobolo one of the greatest treasures in woodworking today. A sealing finish like spar varnish or tung oil is a good choice, and purpleheart refinishes beautifully. As it ages, the color mutes to a dull reddish brown with hints of purple. Silky Oak Australia 14. The name was quite fitting because hickory is one of the toughest and strongest woods among our domestic species. It saws, planes, and turns well, with relatively little tearing and splintering. However, today's concerns about rain forest resources have sparked an interest in finding unusual temperate-climate woods. Padauk has oils that can inhibit the penetration of yellow and hide glues. Yews are cone-bearing evergreens, with deeply fluted trunks that contain many knots, reducing the amount of usable timber. Oak once had a reputation for dulling tools quickly, but modern power tools and machinery make it an easy wood to work today. Woodworkers have long looked to the tropics for exotic woods that add unique colors and textures to their work. Although hard to comprehend today, black walnut was commonly used for barn construction generations ago because of its exceptional decay resistance and abundant supply. Butternut is overshadowed by the highly popular black walnut, its closest relative. A few pines are actually harder than some deciduous trees. The strength of this wood exceeds all commonly used domestic species. Some questions as to carcinogenic properties have been raised in recent years but not proven. Nothing beats a planed maple surface, and stain will take to it easily. Being somewhat coarse textured, padauk accepts finishes well and can be polished to a high luster. Once dry, however, the wood is relatively stable, if not subjected to extreme swings in humidity. Christopher Columbus described the pines of the New World as "trees stretching to the stars with leaves that never shed." Any finer sanding will polish the wood to a point where it won't accept stain very well, especially oil stains. The grain, which can grow in a straight, interlocked, or irregular pattern, offers some attractive surprises. To reduce this, find a steel screw that matches the brass screw in size and thread count and drive it into the hole first (after dragging it over a block of beeswax). Like most families, the maples have their tougher, hardscrabble members (sugar and black), which are 25% to 40% harder than their mellower cousins. Red alder grows like a weed, … Most notable was Brazilian rosewood (Dalbergia nigra), a species that now is quite scarce and extremely expensive. Alder often makes up the core material in high- quality plywood like Baltic Birch and is widely used for industrial purposes like pallets, broom handles, and commercially made toys. The hardness of black walnut falls between cherry (softer) and oak (harder). Even- textured with small, consistently spaced pores, it has superb machining qualities. The Hawaiian name Koa-ka (valiant soldier) aptly describes this extremely decay-resistant wood. The beech is a unique-looking tree with grayish bark that is remarkably smooth from its twigs to its trunk, giving romantics a palette to carve their names. On the down side, hickory's hardness and density do create some workability problems. Click below to view a particular species profile or download the guide. Bigleaf maple.
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